Why are Spiral Wound Gaskets So Popular?

By John Brady
March 2020

The spiral wound gasket’s popularity is due to several factors:

•  It is ideal in high temperature, high-pressure, and corrosive applications.
•  A wide variety of available gasketing material allows
     engineers, contractors, and industry professionals to tailor the gaskets
     to their specific application. (See material options, below.)
The v-shaped metal strip, called the winding, forms a tight seal with spring like qualities.
It creates an excellent seal once compressed under the load of bolts or studs.
Upon compression the filler fills minor imperfections in the flange facing creating a near perfect seal.

There are many types of spiral wound gaskets, the most common four are:

CG Style– The most commonly used and widely available configuration of spiral wound gaskets. CG Style gaskets have a solid metal ring on the outer diameter referred to as the centering guide (CG). This guide allows the installer to more accurately center the gasket on the flange face while providing strength on the outer ring. CG style gaskets are used with both flat and raised-face flanges in a wide variety of applications.

CGI Style– Like the CG Style described above, CGI gaskets have an outer ring, but they also offer an internal ring protecting the inner diameter of the gasket against heat, corrosion and blow-outs making it ideal in vacuum applications. CGI Style gaskets can be used with both flat and raised-face flanges.

R Style– The most basic configuration of spiral wound gaskets, the R-Style consists of only the metal winding and the filler materials. The inner and outer diameter are reinforced by several layers of the winding material without the filler. The inner portion of the R-style gasket is made up of winding and filler material. This style is used with tongue and groove, flat-faced to grooved, and male to female flange connections. They are also regularly used in valve bonnets and pump casings. 

RIR Style– Is similar to the R-Style gasket in its basic construction but has an inner liner ring that acts as a reinforcement. The inner ring creates a compression stop and fills the void between the inner diameter of the gasket and the flange bore. This reduces the accumulation of solids and reduces tubulation of fluids. RIR-Style gaskets are used on male and female flange connections.

The construction of spiral wound gaskets can be customized with the following material options:

Inner and Outer Rings:

• Carbon Steel
• 304
• 304L

Winding Materials:

• 304
• 304L
• 316L
• 317L
• 321
• 347
• 310
• 309
• 430
• Alloy 20
• Titanium
• Inconel® 600
• Inconel® 625
• Incoloy® 800
• Incoloy® 825
• Inconel® X750
• Hastelloy® C276
• Hastelloy B2®
• Nickel 200
• Zirconium
• Carbon Steel
• Monel®
• Duplex Stainless

Filler Materials:

• Graphite
• Flexicarb®
• Flexite Super®
• Ceramic
Thermiculite® 835

What do I need to know when ordering a spiral wound gasket?

•  Style
•  Size
•  Pressure Class
•  Winding Material
•  Filler Material
•  Outer Ring Material (if applicable)
•  Inner Ring Material (if applicable)
•  Are MTR’s required?

SNE Parts of a spiral wound gasket
Individual product information is printed on each spiral wound gasket.

What about MTR’s for Spiral Wound gaskets?

If you need true Material Test Reports (MTR’s) for spiral wound gaskets they should be requested upfront. This is because most of the spiral wound gasket’s components are too small to be stamped with heat codes making it difficult to track. Typical MTR’s are supplied in most cases instead of actual MTR’s. A Typical MTR is an MTR for the material grade ordered but is not necessarily for the exact batch of metal supplied. If True MTR’s are required, the manufacturer will track the material used and supply the actual MTR’s for the material used.

While spiral wound gaskets were invented in 1912 by Flexitallic®, there are now many reputable manufactures that comply with ASME B16.20 standards. In addition to the common gaskets covered here, specialty gasket styles are also available. For example: Multi-class, HE Style, HE-CG Style, CG-RJ, Carrier Ring, T Style, M Style, and MC Style gaskets are manufactured for unique needs and applications. For more information on these and all gaskets please call the Standard of New England sales team at 603-436-1400.

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For a more in-depth look at pipe schedules, read: The Truth Behind True Schedules (of Pipe)

Standard of New England, LLC

Standard of New England is an independent wholesale distributor, in operation since 1996. We are small enough to be responsive to our customers’ needs and big enough to deliver what our customers want when they want it.  Our specialty is in industrial piping products, but we can also provide much more.  We are proud to have local, national, and international customers who come back to us time and time again because of our industrial knowledge and personal customer service.  

We offer a wide range of products including: Pipe, Valves, Fittings, Flanges, Metal & Fabric Expansion Joints, Industrial Dampers, Rubber Expansion Joints, Metal Flex Connectors, Engineered Plastics, Polypropylene, Fusion Tools, Hardware, Gaskets and More. These products are available in a range of Metals & Materials to meet all your industrial application needs.

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